Sea rights are a type of water rights that apply to landowners whose lands adjoin large navigable lakes and oceans. There are tides and currents that affect these waters, but they do not flow through the type of streams and rivers across the country. Landowners with coastal rights have unlimited access to the water, but they only have the country up to the average flood threshold. Paragraph 2.7.3 refers to the acquisition of real estate on which a well is located. If you see a well authorization number mentioned here, there are a few things you can do to help your buyer make sure they are buying a usable and valid water source. Important points to note before even noting your buyer`s offer – wells are not cheap to replace/repair, so I recommend getting a well drilling company to check the well, including the pump, as part of your due diligence. To this end, I always finish the language in the sales contract asking the sellers to authorize such an inspection, including the possible scoling or removal of the body from the well, pumping mechanisms, etc. to check if the well is in order and will not be major repairs or replacement required in the near future. Always check the approval voucherInformation on the Division of Water Resources website. You can drag the original full permission file to verify it, and this will tell you when the well was drilled and all the conditions when using it.
If you are reviewing an approval file, be sure to note the issue date, expiry date and authorization conditions. Are the authorized uses sufficient to meet your buyer`s needs? Be especially careful with buying properties that have been used historically for agricultural purposes – a 50 gpm fountain may at first glance seem like enough water for your dream home and pool, but if the fountain is only allowed for the use of the forage field, your buyer could stay high and dry once the deal is done! You also want to make sure there are no procedural errors in the file – was the well completed within the authorized time? Did the drill file a final report and did the owner, at that time, make a statement on the useful benefits in the required time frame? If the seller is not the same party that drilled the well, was the well properly transferred in the name of the current seller with the state? When the well was completed and operational, were the formal documents filed with the state to register it as an active and functional well? If the well has not been completed or has not been completed and is no longer functioning, has the proper paperwork been filed to abandon the well or replace it with a new one? Most authorization defects are relatively easy to correct, but it is best to know what needs to be corrected before your due diligence appointments are made, so that the seller can, as far as possible, correct. The rights of shoreline residents are a kind of water right granted to landowners whose property is located along river waters, such as rivers or streams. Landowners are generally allowed to use water as long as it does not harm neighbours upstream or downstream. In the event that water is a non-practicable waterway, the owner usually owns the land under water to the exact centre of the waterway. Each country and municipality will have rules and limits for the volume of water diversion that are allowed. According to local laws, water may not be permitted for irrigation of land or for commercial purposes.